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, , . () d. , , ()/d = 40, L = 0,47(), ()/d = 1000 0,485 (). , , . , , 1030 .




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. , , , , .. .4. (.4 ), ( ), 80 . ,, L . 510% .


(.4 ). . Z ( 1/2() ), .

(.4 ), . (.4 ), 90 180 . , . (.4 ), . . .. . -, , -.

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, , , , 320 . Zx , b/d = 6-8. , .




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, 80 320 = 1. = 0,25.

, b d , b/d Z. Z .

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, U- , 180 , U-



λ , a ε , . , , = 2,3 L = 1/3 λ.

, . , Zo, 4Zo. Z8 4 Zo. , 80 U- , Ζ = 320 . Ζ 4Zo, U- ( ) .


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