: (npn, pnp) .
, . 1:

. 1. : - ; - ; -

 ) , . . ( );

) , . . ( );

) ( ).

, .

. 2. : ) ; ) ; )

, -n-, : - ( ), , A, () ; - (- ).

R. -. R = R.

, I, I I, I= I + I.

, . R = R << r, r  -  , .

, h-, , , . : () i h21;

= i * u =

, R - h11;

 

R - = r || R R, r >> R;

R -  || R R,

Dh11 = h11* h22 h21 * h12.

( r, r, r, a , b ) R =   = R << r.

, h-, :

 

                                                                              1.

i

a 0,9 -0,995

b = 8 - 200

g = 1 + b

u

aR /R -          -

bR/R - =          = -

U/U < 1i*u i

p

iu u

iu             ( )

r+(1+b)* (r + R)

R -

r+(1a)r

r+(1+b)r (0.5¸10)

( - )

R -

(r + r)[1- ar /

/(r + r + R)] || || R R

r || R R

r (1- a)[1 + br / /(r + r + R)] || || R R

rd || R R

 

R - R

180

 . n--n, , .

,

 i < 1; Ku u >> 1; R < R < R ;

 u < u >> u < 1; (R ³ R ³ R ) R.

, , , , , .


, , gedanken experiment?
, , , . . . , , " " , , , , . , " " "" - .
, " " , - . "" .

, " " ( ) . , . , .

, , . , , : " - " ( " - ? - ").

, " " - , . . .

, , . . ø.

" " - () " ". FAQ .


 18.11.2019 - 19:10: , - War, Politics and Science -> - _.
16.11.2019 - 16:57: - Conscience -> - _.
16.11.2019 - 16:53: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
16.11.2019 - 12:16: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
16.11.2019 - 07:23: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
15.11.2019 - 06:45: , - War, Politics and Science -> . ? - _.
14.11.2019 - 12:35: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
13.11.2019 - 19:20: - Economy and Finances -> - _.
12.11.2019 - 11:53: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
12.11.2019 - 11:49: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
10.11.2019 - 23:14: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
05.11.2019 - 21:56: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
Bourabai Research Institution home page

Bourabai Research -  XXI Bourabai Research Institution