.

  1. -

. , L i

L=Li.

(1)

L , , . , , , , .. L=F(g1, g2,...gn, m ) , gk - , m - .

(=/).

L>0, . , , .. . , , .

L

image44.gif.

(2)

eL , .. () L .

(2) , , , .. .

, L=const (2)

image45.gif.

(3)


1


s_mc_8.gif

, 21 (. 1). , , , .. 21 = M21i1. M21 L.

, , .

21

image46.gif.

(4)

, , , 12 = M12i2, ,

image47.gif.

(5)

M12 M21 :

image48.gif.

(6)

. 1F,

1F = 11+ 12 21 = 1 21 =L1i1 Mi2 ,

(7)

11 - , ; 12 - , ; 21 - , . 21 , - .

2F = 22+ 21 12 = 2 12 =L2i2 Mi1.

(8)

(7) (8)

image49.gif

(9)

, , . , . . . , . . M . M , .

M , , , , (. 2). . a

M = Mmaxcosa

-Mmax +Mmax. M , 90 . a = w t M = Mmaxcosw t.


. 1 ,   i2 . . , .. e2L+ e2M = 0.

image50.gif.

(10)

e1

image51.gif.

(11)

L'1 ,

image52.gif.

(12)

image53.gif

(13)

. . , , . k (13) M . , , .


2


, , (7) (8). ,

(13)

 ,

  k<1.

(13) , |M|<L1<L2 L1<|M|<L2, .. , . , w1<<w2 .


, 1974 - 1980 . , , , , 360±30 /, - . , "Deutsche Physik", . FAQ .


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