EWB -   -    

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.1 -



, , . 180 , , . . , . , . . 1 2 ( 1/2() ). 1 2 1/4() 3/4() .

, 1 2 , 1 2 . , 1/8() 1 , 1/8() 1 . , 1 , 1 2 .

1 2, , , 1 2 . , . .

, , .




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U, 2Um, I, 2Im. Zo:





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.3 -



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.4 -



L (.4 ), 90. , . , . , , , . , , . . . , . , .

1/4(), , . L = 1/4() (.4 ), . Z = U/I = 0, .

, , , . . . , . , . .

, , . 1/4() . .

Z . , a Z , .

1/4(), 1/2(). . (. 4 ). , , , .

L 1/2() . L= 1/2() (.4 ), , , . , . , , , .

, . , 1/2() - . .


L 1/2() () , Z.

, (). , ( 1/4(), 3/4(), 5/4() .) - , , L= 1/4(), . , L = 1/2(), , , (1/2(), (), 3/2() . .). . , .

, . , , , , .

, , 1/2() , , ( ). , 1/4(). , , . . , (0= 1/(). R-
Z=R, , , .




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(.5), (R = 0). , . , . , .

, . . , R = 0 ( ). . , .

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L<1/4() (.5 ). , . L = 1/4(), Z = (), , (.5 ).

1/4() < L < 1/2(), (.5 ). , L=1/2() c (.5 ).

. , , , .

      EWB -   -    

, 1974 - 1980 . , , , , 360±30 /, - . , "Deutsche Physik", . FAQ .


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