(.1). , , , . , . . , , .



.1 - .



(.1 ), . (.1 6) (.1 ) . , .

R Zo, (.1 ), . . R Z, . , . , R.

. , , , . U , . U, , , . R Zo, V U. , , R, .

(). . . 1927 . U U. , Zo < R, Zo R:





=1, = 0. , . , , :


R < Zo, . , , , :





, . , , . , . , Zo, . . = 0,5, 11 % .

, , R Zo, , , , , . , , Z , .

, , . . , . , , . .

Z, . , , , .


, " " - , . , , .
, , . , " " " ", , . FAQ .


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