Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann von Helmholtz

(. Hermann von Helmholtz; 31 1821, 8 1894, ) : , .

. - . , 1843 , . 1848 . 1849 ʣ, . 1855 , 1858 . 1870 .

1871 . 1888 - .

. (1847) , 1842 , . 1881 , (F = U - TS, U , S , T ).

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. . , 1875 ( .. ).

. . .-. -. 2 (1892). . 3-4.

. . ., 1895.

. . .-.: , 1934.

. , . // . .: , 1956. . 366382.

. . .: , 2002.

   


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 14.10.2019 - 03:09: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
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13.10.2019 - 08:03: - Ecology -> . .. - _.
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11.10.2019 - 06:24: , - War, Politics and Science -> - _.
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11.10.2019 - 03:33: - Ecology -> - _.
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09.10.2019 - 19:01: - Theorizing and Mathematical Design -> - - _.
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