, . () , .

, -, . , : . , . (, , .), ().

, , ( . Ήλιος, Helios ). . : , .

, , . .

, .

, , . , .

: - , , .

150 . , , 1350 . , 100 /. 924 %. 13 . 0,25 . (EPIA), 2020 , 0,10 0,15 .

, 43 %. 2011 39%.

,

, %

 

Si ()

24,7

Si ()

20,3

Si ( )

16,6

Si ( )

10,4

III-V

 

GaAs ()

25,1

GaAs ()

24,5

GaAs ()

18,2

InP ()

21,9

 

CIGS ()

19,9

CIGS ()

16,6

CdTe ()

16,5

/

 

Si ()

9,5

Si ()

10,1

 

10,4

()

7,9

 

5,15

 

GaInP/GaAs/Ge

32,0

GaInP/GaAs

30,3

GaAs/CIS ()

25,8

a-Si/mc-Si ( )

11,7

,

.

, . .

, . , , .

( ) 2009 .

Sanyo Electric
Suntech
Sharp
Yingli
Trina Solar
Sunpower Corporation
Kyocera Corporation
Canadian Solar
SolarWorld AG
Grand Overon UA

:

()
-” ()
()
()

"-" ()


, 1974 - 1980 . , , , , 360±30 /, - . , "Deutsche Physik", . FAQ .


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