( . + ) , , . "" 70 % [17].

, - "" [13]. - , . , , , , , , -. , . . , ( , , ), , ( ), ( ), ( ). . . , .

1838 - . . -- . (, ) . , . -- . : , , , . -- . : C + O2 = CO2 + . . . -- , -- . , . , . -- , . , . , .. , ( CO H2), , - (CO+, H+). , ( O2--). . - : (, ); ( ); ( ). - , , . , . . (CO H2), .. . , "". , "". . , , ( - ).

.

: .

. .

. , , .

. , , . 50%.

. 1894 . . . 30- . . - . 1958 . - 5 . - (2...4 ). 1955 . - . . . . 1960 .

"". . - . 60- , 80- . VARTA . "". Siemens 90 /. - United Technology Corp. , , . ( ) . , , , . : . - ( [ + . holder ] - ).

, 200...230 , ( -- , ). , . , ( ). 1991 . 18 2 5 . , . . 1983 . . 25 80% . 30...37% -- . -- 4 10 ., 15 .

40 80%. 130o , , .. . . -, 4,5 , 1,3 . 30x60 . 11 . (7 ) (3060 ), . -- 30 .

.

5 . 650...700. , -- , . : "" ; . ( ). -- 1000. 50%. . , , . Vestingaus 1958 . 25...200 , . . Engelgurd 50 , . . United Technology Toshiba International Fuel Cells. - Elenko, Siemens, Fiat, Jonson Metju.
, , ( 12 50 ,220 ), . .


, ?
( , - , , , , ( ) . , .
, , , , . , , . " ", , , , , "", . , . FAQ .


 17.09.2019 - 05:51: , - War, Politics and Science -> - _.
17.09.2019 - 05:41: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
16.09.2019 - 18:21: - Economy and Finances -> - _.
16.09.2019 - 03:11: - Conscience -> - _.
14.09.2019 - 18:23: - Personalias -> WHO IS WHO - - _.
13.09.2019 - 09:08: - Ecology -> - _.
12.09.2019 - 17:47: , - War, Politics and Science -> . ? - _.
12.09.2019 - 16:47: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
08.09.2019 - 03:42: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> .. - _.
07.09.2019 - 07:36: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
07.09.2019 - 03:18: - Ecology -> - _.
05.09.2019 - 13:33: , - War, Politics and Science -> - _.
Bourabai Research Institution home page

Bourabai Research -  XXI Bourabai Research Institution