. - , . . 339, Ix, Iv, .

Rx = U / (I U/Rv) (110)

Rv .

. 339, Ux , UA = IR.

Rx = U/I R (111)

R .

, , , , . 339,, . 339, . , Iv, U, Ix Ux.

. (. 340,) , ( ) , : Rx (R4) R1, R2, R3, . (), ().

R1 R2 R3 , ( -

. 339.

. 339.

. 340.    ,

. 340. ,

, ).

Rx = (R1/R2)R3 (112)

R1/R2 , R3. , , R3 , R1 R2.

. 1 2 Rx (, ), 3 4 , 5 6 ( ). , R1, R2 R3 ( , ), , ( ).

, , Rx . 10 100 000 .

. (. 340,). , Rx R0 , , 10 . . , Rx R0, . . , : R1 = R2 R3 = R4.

Rx = R0R1/R4 (113)

10 0,000001 .

, , R1, R2, R3 . . . Rx. Rx - (, .), . .

, .

. 1 Rx (. 341) R . . . . R Rx. . 2 3 (. ), I ; , . , I = 0 ; , .

4, . , . . . ( , ). , 0 100 0 10 000 . Rx .

. . 2 (. 342), -

. 341.

. 341.

. 342.

. 342.

, . 1 3 4.

R, Rx.

4 , ; , . 250 2500 , .

I1 I2 1 2, . 100,

. 343.    ()     ()

. 343. () ()

I1/I2. , Rx ? . (. 343, ).

, ( ) () (. 343,), 3 (). , 1 , 2 . 3 . , , , .

, 3, , , . 3, .


, , , - , , , , -, 2.7º. , (CMB) , 2.7ºK. . . , () . 1933 . . 2.8ºK - . FAQ .


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