. 2 (. 2, ) 3 .

, . . . 1, ( ) .

, , 4 (. 2,). I I, R. I . , , . . . . RA R I, , :

I = I (R+R)/R = In (105)

n = I/I = (RA + R)/R . 10. , I, n , I,

R = RA/(n-1) (106)

( 50 ), . , . ( ) , , ( ). 45, 75, 100 150 . , . , . , . (0,02; 0,05; 0,1; 0,2; 0,5). .

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, Uv, , , :

U = (Rv+R)/Rv * Uv = nUv (107)

n = U/Uv=(Rv+R)/Rv , U Uv, , . . .

, U, Uv, R=(n 1) Rv.

. , , , . , .

. . , ( ). U1 U2 (. 3, ) . U1/U2 = (R1+R2)/R2 = 1 + R1/R2. 10, 100, 500 . . ,

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( . 4, ).

, , , , , U1 U2 w1 w2 , . .

U1/U2 = w1/w2 = n (108)

, w1 w2 , , .

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3 (. 4,) , .

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; , 4.

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, , , , , I1 I2, , w1 w2 , ..

I1/I2 = w1/w2 = n (109)

, w1 w2 , I1, I2. I1 I2 n.

, , , I1 .

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. . . (. 5). 3 2 4, , 1, .

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