1.

. , , . , - 1 11, , . , () , ( 2, ). , ( 3).

11. () ()

, - .

.

2.

( 12), U = log(U). , , , .

11.

, , ( 12,).

 

12. () ()

, I U

,

I0 ; j ( 0,025 ).

(3) (4)

I = I = U / R U = U,

.         (26)

3.

() . ( 12,). . (3) (4) :

I = I = I ; U = U; U = I * R = I * R,

U .         (27)

4.

, . - , . 13 .

13. -

, 0 U1 1 , U1 U2 2 .. 1, 2 .. :

.         (28)

( 14).

14.

, 0 U1, ( ) R1 R:

U1, 2 ( 13), R1 , 2 ( 2 , R, ).

,         (29)

R1 , , U2. R2, R3 VD. " ", , , . , U , .. 0. .

:

.         (30)

R1 R2 , (29),

.         (31)

R2 , ( , ), (30) R3.

, .


, 1974 - 1980 . , , , , 360±30 /, - . , "Deutsche Physik", . FAQ .


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