© Copyright - Karim A. Khaidarov, December 30, 2008

, "" "" "" (. ).

, , , , .

, , : "" "".

1. "" - , "" 1, , , , (. . 12). , , - , - .

. 12. .

(a) - 2 1 () ;
(b) - 3; (c) - 3 4 5;
(d) - 6 .

6 - , 2 - 4 . , , . , , , 2 , "" (. . 13) .

2.

crater

diameter [km]

depth [m]

Maskelyne

26

2500

Fauth

12

1960

Messier B

6

2000

Carmichael

20

3640

Hill

17

3340

2688

 

. 13. Maskelyne Carmichael, .

2. "" - , , (. . 14).

. - ( 96 - 99 % ) .

- - (. . 15). "" , , , 6 1945 . . , 1 - "", . (20 - 30 ) (2 - 3 ). - , . . [10] 99% 10 . , 99% "" , , 96 - 99 % , , , , " ", 1908 .

, , " ", .

, .

. 14. .

(a) - 3 1, - , 9 2 " " 10; (b) - 1 2 4, 7 8; (c) - , ; (d) - 6, , 11 " " 10.

 

. 15. : (a) - Sabine, d = 31 km, Ritter, d = 32 km, Schmidt, d=12 km.; (b) - Daedalus, d = 93 km [6]. .

3. "" - , . , , , (. . 16). ~200 , , "" - . . , , .

. 16. .

(1 - , 2 - ; 3 - ,
4 - ;
5 - ;
6 - , ,
7 - , )

, , . (. .17). , " ", .

 

. 17. , 638 360 .

[8] 0,15% (. 3). , .

, , 1130', " " , . , , () , , , .

3. "".

N

d [km]

N

d [km]

1

MARE FRIGORIS

1853

13

MARE HUMORUM

391

2

MARE IMBRIUM

1287

14

MARE MARGINIS

371

3

MARE INSULARUM

927

15

MARE NECTARIS

360

4

MARE NUBIUM

772

16

MARE INGENII

318

5

OCEANUS PROCELLARUM

721

17

MARE ORIENTALE

309

6

MARE TRANQUILLITATIS

721

18

MARE COGNITUM

309

7

MARE SERENITATIS

670

19

MARE MOSCOVIENSE

277

8

MARE CRISIUM

638

20

MARE VAPORUM

236

9

MARE FECUNDITATIS

617

21

MARE UNDARUM

206

10

MARE HUMBOLDTIANUM

600

22

MARE SMYTHII

206

11

MARE AUSTRALE

515

23

MARE SPUMANS

206

12

MARE ANGUIS

400

 

 

 

4. "" - , , , , (. . 18). 2 - 4, , . , , , , . .

. 18. (a)
(b).

(1 - ; 2 - 1770 .; 3 - ; 4 - ; 5 - ; 6 - 1842)

2 - 4. (. 10b 19a). , -, . 72 , , (.19b). .

 

. 19. (a), , [15].

. , , . 10 0,3%, .

, - " ".

5. " " - , (, , ..). [16]. " " ~200 /. 1,5 , , , , . 10 . . ( , ) . , , . (Schroeter Vallis), " " (. 20).

 

. 20. (a) - , , - ; (b) - , [6].

6. " " - , (. . 11, 20). [10] 0.15% , , . , 200 - 300 . 1 - 2 /. , . , "" .

, "" " " . (, , ) . ( 160 - 360 ). , . , , , [14], , , . . , .

. , , 200 2 (Oceanus Procellarum), 40 . 2, , 72002. .

, , , 1500 . , , , , . , , . ( ).

, . , " " .

- .

, . , " " . 200 . .

, , . 100 .

, , 217 . , , . "" , , 217 . 4 "" .

4. .

N

d [km]

N

d [km]

N

d [km]

1

Copernicus

94

9

Anaxagoras

55

17

Proclus

28

2

Hayn

88

10

Aristarchus

42

18

Lalande

27

3

Tycho

87

11

Thales

40

19

Alfraganus

26

4

Jackson

78

12

Harpalus

36

20

Triesnecker

25

5

Bullialdus

64

13

Godin

35

21

Lenz

23

6

Cavalerius

62

14

Kepler

32

22

Lichtenberg

23

7

Aristillus

58

15

Menelaus

29

23

Giordano Bruno

20

8

Ohm

57

16

Medler

28

24

Messier A

13 x 11

7. " " - , (. 21). - , . [10] 0.3% , 10% - , , .

, , , - . - . , , . , , , . , , . , "".

21b (Vallis Alpes), 200 . , 5 - 10 . , , , .

 

. 21. - -, [6]. Vallis Alpes.

8. - , , .

(.20). , , . , .

   

,
, .
.
.
""
278 " "!

- . -

:

:

, , gedanken experiment?
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" " - () " ". FAQ .


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